Template filters - 30 days of Django

Template filters - 30 days of Django

/ #Django

Let's learn what a template filter is and how to use one.

A template filter is used to work with and manipulate data in our templates. They can be used for a lot of things like date formatting, humanizing, transform to uppercase and similar.

In this part, I will begin by showing th date filter and after that, the naturaltime filter. But first, we need to add a date field to our tasks.


Class Task(models.Model):
    user = models.ForeignKey(User, related_name='tasks', on_delete=models.CASCADE)
    category = models.ForeignKey(Category, related_name='tasks', on_delete=models.CASCADE)
    title = models.CharField(max_length=255)
    description = models.TextField(blank=True, null=True)
    is_done = models.BooleanField(default=False)
    created_at = models.DateTimeField(auto_now_add=True) # 1, new

1. Here we added the "created_at" and set it to be a DateTimeField. This has both date and time. We use a parameter called "auto_now_add", this makes sure that when we add a task. It will be filled in automatically.

Next step then is to update the database again:

$ python3 manage.py makemigrations

And then run the migrations scripts:

$ python3 manage.py migrate

Great, next step then is the template. Open up frontpage.html:

{% extends 'task/base.html' %}

{% block content %}
    <div class="frontpage">
        <h1>{{ title }}</h1>

        <div class="columns">
            <div class="column is-8">


                {% for task in tasks %}
                        <p>{{ task.title }} - {{ task.created_at }}</p>
                {% endfor %}

{% endblock %}

If you run this now, you will see a timestamp next to the title. Let's change it a little bit:

{{ task.created_at|date:"Y-m-d" }}

If you run this now, you will see the year-month-day. Let's add hours and minutes as well:

{{ task.created_at|date:"Y-m-d H:i" }}

So this is how you can add filters with parameters. Let's try a different one:

{{ task.created_at|naturaltime }}

If you run this now, you will see how long time it has been since the task was created.

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